What is Python? How Python is used in Real World?

What is Python and What are the roles of Python in Real World?

Python is a high-level, interpreted programming language. Python is quickly ascending to the forefront of the most popular programming languages in the world. Python is a general-purpose programming language, so it can be used for many things. Python is used for web development, AI, machine learning, operating systems, mobile application development, and video games.

 

Python in Real-World 

 Python is used in every industry and scientific field which you can imagine as follows: 

  •     Web Development
  •     Game Development
  •     Machine Learning
  •     Data Science   
  •     Computer Science Education
  •     Biology and Bioinformatics
  •     Neuroscience and Psychology
  •     Computer Vision and Image Processing
  •     Medicine and Pharmacology
  •     Astronomy
  •     Robotics
  •     Business
  •     Meteorology
  •     GUI development
  •     Autonomous vehicles and so on

 

Web Development

Python offers pre-built libraries and frameworks such as Pyramid, Django, and Flask; web applications can be developed rapidly. Python is a go-to for complex web development projects, as its flexibility makes it possible to create sophisticated web utilities with relative ease. 

Python Frameworks provides unparalleled security, scalability, and convenience as compared to building websites from scratch.Giant websites and platforms like YouTube and Google rely heavily on Python for critical infrastructure. This has further enhanced its reputation as a solid component in the web developer’s toolkit.

Game Development

 Interactive games can be built with Python; it provides functionality and libraries for game development. Some popular games like EVE Online and Pirates of the Caribbean were created using Python. There are libraries and frameworks such as Pygame, Pyglet, and PyOgre to help you create your own games in Python.By using the
Pygame module, you can control the logic and graphics of your games without worrying about the backend complexities required for working with video and audio. 

Entire development platforms with every tool you need including editors, animation, render engines, export functionality, etc. Python is sort of stuck in the middle ground in this regard. Yeah, Pygame is okay. But that’s just it, and okay isn’t the best.Most people who are looking to create a serious career in the gaming industry will choose C# or C++ instead, using Python for hobby projects and understanding the concepts of coding.

Machine Learning

Machine learning is a type of artificial intelligence (AI) that provides computers with the ability to learn without being explicitly programmed.Python is used for machine learning via specific machine learning libraries and frameworks including scikit-learn and TensorFlow.Machine Learning is simply making a computer perform a task without explicitly programming it. In today’s world every system that does well has a machine learning algorithm at its heart.  

Take for example Google Search engine, Amazon Product recommendations, LinkedIn, Facebook etc, all these systems have machine learning algorithms embedded in their systems in one form or the other. They are efficiently utilising data collected from various channels which helps them get a bigger picture of what they are doing and what they should do. 

Now let’s understand why would anyone want to use only Python in designing any Machine Learning project. Machine learning, in layman terms, is to use the data to make a machine make intelligent decisions. For example — You can build a spam detection algorithm where the rules can be learned from the data or an anomaly detection of rare events by looking at previous data or arranging your email based on tags you had assigned by learning on email history and so on.

Data Science

 Python can be easily integrated with other programming languages. The applications built using Python are easily scalable and future-oriented. All the above-mentioned features of Python makes it important for the data scientists. This has made Python the first choice of Data Scientists.Python is an object-oriented, open-source, adaptable and simple to learn programming language. It has a rich arrangement of libraries and tools that makes the assignments simple for Data scientists.                  

As per a survey by industry analyst O’Reilly, about 40% of data scientists use Python in their day-to-day work for computing, analyzing and reporting of data. Big organizations such as NASA, Google, and CERN also use Python for almost every purpose of programming. 

In many scenarios, Python is the programming language of choice for the daily tasks that data scientists tackle, and is one of the top data science tools used across industries. For data scientists who need to incorporate statistical code into production databases or integrate data with web-based applications, Python is often the ideal choice. It is also ideal for implementing algorithms, which is something that data scientists need to do often. 

Computer Science Education

 Python offers an interactive environment in which to explore procedural, functional and object oriented approaches to problem solving. Its high level data structures and clear syntax make it an ideal first language, while the large number of existing libraries make it suitable to tackle almost any programming tasks.Python is so widely used as a teaching tool because:

     It is easy to learn: its syntax is simple and it can be learned quickly. Students start diving into more advanced aspects of computer science much more quickly than with other programming languages.

    It is powerful: it is used in real-world applications, so students immediately start acquiring valuable skills for their careers.

    It is versatile: it supports various programming paradigms including imperative programming, functional programming, procedural programming, and object-oriented programming.

 Python's syntax is simple and straightforward, so students can start learning computational thinking and problem-solving skills much more quickly, which is usually the main goal of introductory computer science courses. 

Biology and Bioinformatics

Python is the language with the greatest potential to be used across the breadth of biology. It is increasingly utilized by folks spanning from traditional bioinformatics to climate modelers.

Neuroscience and Psychology

Python and its scientific packages emerged as a promising platform for researchers in neuroscience and psychology, including PsychoPy for running experiments (Peirce, 2007, 2009), pandas1 and statsmodels2 for data analysis, PyMVPA (Hanke et al., 2009) and scikit-learn (Pedregosa et al., 2011) for machine learning data analyses, and NeuroDebian (Halchenko and Hanke, 2012) as an overarching platform providing an easy deployment of these tools. Together, these tools are increasingly opening possibilities for development, sharing and building upon experimental and analysis code.

Computer Vision and Image Processing

Computer vision is the automated extraction of information from images. Information can mean anything from 3D models, camera position, object detection and recognition to grouping and searching image content.When programming computer vision we need representations of vectors and ma-trices and operations on them. This is handled by Python’s NumPy module where both vectors and matrices are represented by the array type.

OpenCV is the most popular library for computer vision. Originally written in C/C++, it also provides bindings for Python. OpenCV is a C++ library with modules that cover many areas of computer vision. Be-sides C++ (and C) there is growing support for Python as a simpler scripting language through a Python interface on top of the C++ code base. The Python interface is still under development and not all parts of OpenCV are exposed and many functions are undocumented.

Medicine and Pharmacology

Python has played its amazing role in the medical field. It's really a wonder for us to know how technology is being combined with medical knowledge to provide accurate and efficient diagnoses and treatments to patients.Some examples of the use of Python in medicine and pharmacology are here: 

  • Creation of clinical diagnoses based on the patients' medical records and symptoms.
  • Python is used to Analyze medical data.
  • Python is used to build computational models to speed up the process of development of new medications.

These broad applications include thousands of examples around the world. 

According to the official Python Success Stories, one of the world's leading pharmaceutical companies, AstraZeneca, used Python to improve their existing computational models to make them more robust, extensible, and maintainable. AstraZeneca is one of the world's leading pharmaceutical companies. With over 54,000 employees world-wide, it provides innovative, effective medicines designed to fight cancer, provide pain control, heal infection, and fight diseases of the cardiovascular, central nervous, gastrointestinal, and respiratory systems.

Researchers used Python based models to simulate the chemical structure of molecules and their effect in the body. This helped scientists identify potential molecules for new drugs and start testing them more quickly in the laboratory. 

Astronomy 

The use of Python is also growing among the scientific community, and Astronomy is one of this.The power of Python consists of being an extremely versatile high-level language, easy to program that combines both traditional programming and data reduction and analysis tools. Python also has applications in Astronomy and Astrophysics.There are three main Python packages used in the scientific area:

Astropy

This package contains various classes, utilities, and a packaging framework intended to provide commonly-used astronomy tools.Astropy is part of a larger project called The Astropy Project, which is "is a community effort to develop a common core package for Astronomy in Python and foster an ecosystem of interoperable astronomy packages.

 SunPy

This package is described as "the community-developed, free and open-source solar data analysis environment for Python." It builds upon the capabilities of Python packages such as NumPy, SciPy, Matplotlib, and Pandas.

 SpacePy

This package is "a package for Python, targeted at the space sciences, that aims to make basic data analysis, modeling and visualization easier." 

Robotics

Python is a good choice if you want to become a robotics developer (i.e. program robots), especially if you want to program your robots with ROS. In robotics and mechatronics education tools for programming, simulation, visualization and control are common practice to clarify abstract theory, to support and validate designs and to perform experiments and process their results. In our education the Python programming language together with its rich ecosystem is playing a central and powerful role.There are various Python libraries used to program robots as follows:

 Top 10 Python Libraries You must know For Robotics:

  1. Robot Framework
  2. Pyro
  3. DART
  4. PyRobot
  5. PyDy
  6. Simulation Open Framework Architecture 
  7. Klamp’t
  8. Pybotics
  9. Siconos 
  10. iDynTree 

Business

Python has become the language of choice for data science and artificial intelligence ..two technology trends essential for global businesses to stay competitive today.It’s used across a wide variety of applications from web development to task automation to data analysis. 

Due to its readability and versatility, Python is used by businesses of all sizes. Startups may optimize a small engineering team’s workflow by utilizing Python’s efficient syntax and leveraging its many package libraries. Large enterprises may turn to Python to process giant datasets using machine learning algorithms. Python can be a powerful tool to analyze data generated by businesses and to forecast future trends. Python’s simplicity and reliability have long been its biggest draws, while the success enjoyed by the many digital products built with the language demonstrate that it’s the right choice for a variety of different applications.

Meteorology

Python is also useful for Earth Scientists. The Python package climate-indices contains Python implementations of various climate index algorithms which provide a geographical and temporal picture of the severity of precipitation and temperature anomalies useful for climate monitoring and research. Python library MetPy is an Open Source project aimed at providing a Pythonic library for meteorological data analysis that meshes well with the rest of the scientific Python ecosystem. The project heavily leverages the work already done by the Numpy, Scipy, and Matplotlib projects, and adds on top functionality specific to meteorology: plotting (e.g. Skew-Ts), calculations, and reading files

GUI Development

A graphical user interface (GUI) is an application that has buttons, windows, and lots of other widgets that the user can use to interact with your application. A good example would be a web browser. It has buttons, tabs, and a main window where all the content loads. Python can be used to create graphical user interfaces. There are many graphical user interface (GUI) toolkits that you can use with the Python programming language. The big three frameworks are Tkinter, wxPython, and PyQt. Each of these toolkits will work with Windows, macOS, and Linux, with PyQt having the additional capability of working on mobile. 

Autonomous Vehicles

Python's popularity with autonomous vehicle engineers is largely due to the various available resource libraries such as AI, Deep learning and Data Visualization.Building an autonomous vehicle is complex.Whether an engineer is retrofitting an existing vehicle for autonomy or building an autonomous vehicle from the ground up, there’s a lot of work to be done. Not only do they need to program over 250 million lines of code on the hardware in the vehicle, they also need to navigate all the programs, tools, and platforms to develop, deploy, optimize, and manage the autonomous vehicle software and hardware.

6 Smart Ways to Learn Android Programming Seamlessly

6 Smart Ways to Learn Android Programming SeamlesslyWe are living in a digital world, learning android development like a difficult task but it has many opportunities for digital marketing companies in Dubai. Moreover, you can develop tools to improve workflows or you can learn new skills to approach good jobs. Android app development is not as tough as it seems as far as understand different moving parts have some smart ways to learn android development programming.

Downloading tools for Android app development: to support android app development goals you need to create an environment to your desktop. Android studio integrated development environment in which you enter code to reach all the tools needed for the development. An android studio allows accessing libraries, moreover gives you access functions of the operating system. There are more options available on your android app development. There are tools like unity for cross-development game development in support of android, for example, visual studios like xamarin are the perfect combination for developing cross platforms apps. Android studio is a perfect place for many people with android game development because it makes sure to provide tools and resource in one place. More importantly, its setup is very simple you have to follow the instructions.

Start a new project: when an android studio is on your machine then the next step is to start a new project. It is a direct process but needs some decisions to take regarding the impression of android app development. Go to file then new and then to a new project you have to select the project template it is for the identification of code and elements that include in your app when it will be in running position. On your app, there will be activity seen which refers to your screen. Despite the basic part of the structure if there will be a project with no activity then it will be empty but with the basic activity you will start to create a screen on your app and there will be the addition of a button to the bottom and hamburger to the top menu. In the initial basis of development, things can get complicated to over that empty activity can create files that won’t add a lot of additional code.

Choose a package name that will be seen by the audience when will install it on devices and this name will be reference by android to differentiate from other applications. You have to decide where files will be saved and what language will be coded in; Java or Kotlin.

Java or Kotlin for app development, the main decision is to make as an android developer where will be learned Java and Kotlin these both supported by Google and Android studio with some differences. Java is been supported by Google for a long time and developers are using to craft Android apps for many years. It is mostly demanded program language worldwide and a great choice for development career beginners. On the other hand, Kotlin preferred by Google for Android Development, it is a default for a new app and more common and easier to get grips, complete beginners.

Familiarize with files: when the file is open in MainActivity.Java this is basic file activity which will define how the app will behave. The folders which will be used in Android app development are important because they will help the Android studio to be found everything and correctly build.

Testation of the app: after familiarizing with the new programming language create app says “hello world”, if you will look into controls there will be a green arrow in the menu with a phone name on it while installation of Android studio there is Android system also installed via virtual device manager.in other means, you already have an Android setup and you can use it just by clicking the green arrow to launch and test the app.

Smart Ways To Learn Android Programming

Make a thing: to learn Android app development best way to do it this you know the process editing you can start something new by doing it. But if you want to do any kind of creation then you will have let the user decide to change the text. After that create methods for a run when someone clicks the button this will change the text on the button. Practically run the app so that you can see the text change.

Stay up to date: the main thing is that also to stay up to date about the developments in systems so that you can install the new program versions if there is any up to date.

Conclusively: the main thing is not to learn all of Android app development but set it on the practical project learning will keep going but when you have a goal while leaning it can enhance your learning skills.

Why WordPress Plugins are the Creative Backbone of WordPress

Why WordPress Plugins are the Creative Backbone of WordPress

As a website developer or designer, you need to know the WordPress plugin. It is crucial in the world of WordPress. In the beginning, developers used their code to develop each web application. As technology advances, developers have adopted a new way to create applications with CMS. As a result, you may find that many developers are trying to create a new plugin to save technology.

For example, suppose you run a company and are looking for a program with auto service. A few years ago, you had to do custom development from scratch. However, building an app with WordPress is now much more comfortable and saves money and time. The most significant benefit of plugins is that they add new functionality to existing ones like WooCommerce product video plugin helps boost the awareness regarding your products and brand.

The world of websites and web development owes a lot to WordPress in general. WordPress alone currently accounts for 29% of the Internet. Also, the market share of WordPress CMS alone exceeds 60%. What do we love about WordPress? Ease of use, open-source community, platform beauty, blog, etc.

If we learn the secret and get down to the micro-level, WordPress plugins could be the answer. In parallel, WordPress plugins are available for various purposes. With over 35,000 plugins and less than 800 million downloads, WordPress is the king of CMS.

WordPress Evolution

WordPress is considered to be the most powerful website. In today's life, WordPress has provided a terrific solution for businesses. For example, the WooCommerce plugin allows visitors to buy a product while sitting at home or elsewhere.

With a large number of plugins, the framework allows for robust use cases. After that, WordPress was created for security and maintenance with version 4.9.1.

Most companies that rely on small and large are forced to choose a CMS. However, creating a website in any CMS was a crucial decision. Because all companies have different functions to perform various tasks like some want to sell their products, and in this case, WooCommerce product video plugin helps them to boost their sales. Therefore, WordPress was introduced as a reliable web application.

WordPress Popularity

One of the reasons WordPress is so popular is the freedom it gives users to add any number of features via plugins. Users can choose from nearly 50,000 plugins that are available for free in the WordPress plugin repository. And that doesn't even mean that you have to consider the free and premium plugins from many third-party vendors.

However, sometimes this breadth poses potential problems. Scams, obsolete plugins; Each of them can give hackers access to your site. To fill these potential gaps, there is a small guide on how you can protect your website by removing WordPress plugin vulnerabilities as much as possible.

What are Plugins?

Plugins are considered an integral part of the code. Adding code will increase your WordPress website's functionality to the utmost based on the functionality of the free theme. Hence, it helps you improve the functionality of your WordPress website. The plugin will make your simple website functional for a specific task.

For example, if you want your site based on free WordPress themes to have features like a calculator, you can add different plugins for the calculation. There are also several plugins to help you create exciting content with a variety of fonts, effects, and explainer videos to advertise their products with the help of the WooCommerce product video plugin.

How actually plugin works?

WordPress plugins are designed in such a way that any developer can adapt them to their needs. The filter option simplifies the work of the plugin. These filters make it easy to add new features to your existing website.

Importance of WordPress Plugins

WordPress is flexible and reliable and allows plugins to improve the functionality of your website. Plug-ins speed up your site or blog. Several plugins are available to protect your code. Some backup plugins allow you to back up your system and project.

Search engine optimization plugins allow you to optimize your code for easy search. You can enhance your brand awareness through the WooCommerce product video plugin. Build an email list of plugins and reach out to anyone with social media. 

There are many things to keep in mind when installing a plugin, such as reviews and ratings, and detailed information about the plugin: total downloads, last update date, and customer support.

WordPress Plugin Vulnerabilities — Stay Safe!

No plugin is 100% secure. However, you can significantly reduce the vulnerability of WordPress plugins by learning how to rate and select high-quality plugins before installing them. Just choose plugins from reputable markets like CodeCanyon, WordPress Plugin Repository, or verified third-party providers.

If you have the resources to support the service, you can install as many plugins as possible. Plugins must be well programmed. A poorly written plugin can cause your site.

The effective change log section indicates that the author manages the plugin and fulfills the needs of the users. There are hundreds of great free WordPress plugins out there. Note, however, that plugins are often more responsive and updated to the latest versions of WordPress.

Update your Plugins

It is recommended that you install plugins only when necessary. Even if you choose the "right" plugins first, you still run the risk of not updating these plugins. So how can you make sure your plugins are always up to date? One way is to find the update icon in your WordPress control panel (see the image above). Another option is to enable automatic updates.

Another great way to be sure is to remove inactive plugins that you no longer want to use. Inactive plugins do not use RAM, bandwidth, or PHP, but they do take up server space.

Fruit for Thought

Adding a plugin to a site created with free WordPress themes does a specific job. These plugins solve the problem quickly. Plugins are great. They help you do good things with WordPress and WooCommerce, one of the great plugins is WooCommerce product video. Plugins are downloaded by most companies with minimal cost and time to publish all content. Therefore, WordPress plugins are considered the backbone of WordPress.

However, sometimes unencrypted or outdated plugins can hack your WordPress site for hackers. By choosing plugins carefully and updating them regularly, you can significantly improve your ability to fall victim to WordPress plugin security holes.

 

Java Over Python- Important Tips For Students To Enhance Their Expertise

Java and python, both are object-oriented programs; they use objects to display their data and procedures. In today’s world, Java and Python are considered to be the two hottest and trending programming languages that have taken over the digital world.  When it comes to students, they are often confused about both the programs.  We are listing down the fair comparison between Java and Python that would help you to get an idea about their performance, language, and trends.  Before that, it is essential for students to have a clear idea about the Java web application development, and for that, there are some tips that you need to keep in mind to become a successful programmer.

Tips for students to enhance their expertise:

  • Programming is very critical, so don’t rush the basics. Don’t rush through the initial lessons; instead, give yourself time to learn the basics of this language.
  • Don’t let small mistakes discourage you in any way. Pay attention to every single of your mistakes, and try to overcome them. Learn from your mistakes.
  • Don’t be overconfident if you already know something. Read everything thoroughly.
  • Don’t try to memorize the codes because there are many codes there, and you won't be able to keep every single of them in your mind. Instead, just understand them.
  • Keep track of the questions you have when learning.
  • Don’t spend your entire night coding. Take breaks so you can focus effectively and grab new things.

Java:

  • Java runs almost 3 billion devices worldwide. It is the most popular object-oriented programming language. It is compatible with nearly every operating system; Windows, Mac OS. It is based on the simple concept of writing once and running everywhere. It offers pure, robust, portable sacred, and platform-independent features.
  • Based on the performance, Java is quite faster. By the use of the JV, it runs faster on any platform, meaning; whenever you’re looking for speed in your system, you need to opt for Java.
  • Java follows the strict syntax pattern, so it is a bit complex. The program won't run if you miss even a single semicolon or variable. Java community support is available, which would help you to contact the developer for your queries.
  • If we look at it through a job point of view, learning Java is a must I order to get better paying corporate jobs. Hence, the demand for Java is comparatively more in the market. Learning Java teaches you skills that get you high paying duties from website development of enterprise applications to server-side apps.
  • Indentation makes you look appear more logical for other programmers out there. In Java, one doesn’t have to worry about indentation or the structure. In this case, there would be blocks defined within curly braces.
  • It is mainly known for mobile or web applications.
  • Java has more commercial tools and more significant code libraries that are better documented.
  • Java programmers are more likely to become a hacker due to his intense coding. It is for running a server on.

Python:

  • A python is also object-oriented programming, having all in one programming language as it offers a variety of functionality to its users. It's famous among its customers because it's readable and easy to comprehend.
  • Python is an interpreter itself and is pretty slow. So, use python if speed is not the focus of your system.
  • In the case of the jobs, there is not much demand for this program because it is not the actual programming language.
  • Indentation is a must in python.
  • Python is mainly used in machine learning, programming, and much more. It is also used for small applications.
  • Code and libraries for python are not better documented.
  • Python is also considered a programming language for “ethical hacking.”

Java is best for essential learners because it is a baseline for any computer language as it has many innovative features. In short, Java is where the money is at, and python is less enterprise-oriented. In the end, Java is responsible for getting you the jobs.

What Are The Best Java Courses?

What Are The Best Java Courses?

Ever since coronavirus has come up at large, there has been a full ascension in learning through online tuitions. Everyone has somehow been connected with their subject fellows on the internet through one way or another. People have been learning online web developing courses by renowned institutions of programming. 

The java programming language is around for more than two decades, and it has been expanded from small mobile apps to large banking applications running for world-wide investment banks. In simpler words, Java is a server-side language that creates high performing & low latent servers to handle complex tasks.  

If you're new to the field but want to access the world of Java, there isn't a better time for it.

Here's the list of java course options you can avail while you're at home with a lot of free time. 

 1.Coursera- Object-Oriented Programming in Java Specialization

Coursera is an online platform for programmers where they can also watch tutorials of the course in multiple languages including English, Spanish, Russian, Chinese, and French languages. There are quizzes varying from fundamentals to advanced levels. The object-oriented course of Coursera also includes BlueJ and Eclipse which would help to gain knowledge of graphical interfaces and to design programs capable of handling large data. 

2.Coursera- Solving Problems With Software

This course is introduced by Coursera so that attendees know how to solve software related problems along with the basics. However, this course mainly suits intermediate or expert level programmers. Moreover, this course helps to gain confidence in designing algorithms. Solving Problems would also benefit you in dealing with CSV files or Comma-separated Value files. 

 3.Udemy- The Complete Java Masterclass 

Udemy is one of the most important online learning platform. It is offering around sixty free courses. It allows sorting courses by level and language (English, Turk, German, and Spanish). The complete Java masterclass course by udemy is taken by globally renowned Java developers and teachers. It teaches the attendees in-depth knowledge of the concepts of data structures, networking, Java collections, and multithreading.

 4.Udemy- Java Programing for Complete Beginners 

Udemy introduces tools such as Jshell to beginners in this course. The course is taught amicably and step by step so that it's easier to grasp each component. It teaches the pupils all the basic skills varying from file handling, exceptional handling to functional programming, and Java collections.

What Are The Best Java Courses?

5.Udemy- Java In-Depth: Become a Complete Java Engineer

The teachers of udemy in this course explain the functions with real-life examples in order for pupils to gain knowledge about Java language. Java in depth is equally an important course for the expert level programmers. All of the basic to intermediate and in-depth features of Java are taught so that you leave the course having become a Java Engineer. 

6.Pluralsight- Java Fundamentals

What makes this course an important one is that it's taught by very experienced programmers. The course covers the basics of Java, Class, Files, error handling, object, and other core problems. It also provides skills related to the servers which help the attendees to apply for a job inclined to server-side or client-side developments. The high level of expertise is what makes Pluralsight stand out. There are promotions launched by Pluralsight every now and then through which you'd be able to secure an annual membership, so watch out if you are willing to keep your skill updated!

7.Code Academy

Code academy is a well knows spot mainly because of its sufficiency for the beginners of the field. Meanwhile, it's a free online course where you could learn the fundamentals of the programming language and to create your own applications. The subjects in their syllabus also make you eligible for the conditionals and control flow, structuring data,  and ft-oriented programming. 

 8.LearnJava

Learn Java is also a free online course but it makes things easier for you since it doesn't require you to download its software or anything; you could just start your course by citing their website. There are multiple short exercises this course provides which starts out from the scratch of Java's language. Learn Java is also providing courses for advanced levels.

 These and a lot more out in the market provides the seekers great knowledge, skills, and confidence for being a developer, and a good one. The websites providing online courses more or less teach similar subjects. However, it all depends on the level of learning you're at, or how eager of a learner you are.